CRATE - Cyber Range And Training Environment

The Swedish Defence Research Agency (FOI) develops and maintains a Cyber Range And Training Environ­ment (CRATE). CRATE makes it possible to smoothly deploy and configure a large number (thousands) of virtual machines in a controlled environment. CRATE is also equipped with host based traffic generators emulating user behaviour and tools for logging and monitoring the environ­ment. This lab resource is used to create computer networks for use during experi­ments, competitions and exercises in cyber security.

CRATE city

The development of the asset nowadays called CRATE started in 2008 and was fuelled by donations from the Swedish Meteorological and Hydrological Institute (SMHI) and the national supercomputer center in Linköping. These two organizations donated their old computers to FOI. Although the computers already back then were a bit stale FOI found use in them. They were used as a platform for the first security competi­tions/exercises held in 2008 and 2010. Since then, investments have been made in both new hardware and in supporting tools for maintenance and control over the infrastructure.

As illustrated in the figure below, the physical infrastructure comprises some 800 servers today. A web based tool can be used to design computer networks by configuring network infrastructure, deploy a wide range of operating systems and applications, and specify users of each machine. With a press of a button networks specified through the web based manage­ment interface is deployed and the “game network” will be available for use. Some manual configurations and tuning of scripts may still be required to deploy rarer configura­tions, rarer operating systems and applica­tions not covered today. The goal is that every configuration activity performed regularly should be “clickable” through the management interface.

illustration of a network

CRATE is used on a regular basis in courses held by FOI. CRATE has also been the main platform in a number of national and interna­tional competitions and exercises in cyber security. The most complex event hosted this far is the international competi­tion­/exercise the Baltic Cyber Shield held in 2010. The possibilities offered by CRATE and the events arranged with CRATE nurtures research projects both within and outside of FOI with data and ideas. Several reports and papers have been produced about or with help of CRATE. Open datasets produced in CRATE can be downloaded from our FTP server Opens in new window. .

FOI is open to all sorts of joint endeavours related to exercises, competitions and courses. For instance, maybe you are responsible for the IT-department’s competence level or a university course in security and want to use CRATE for practical exercises? Maybe you have heard about an event that you are interested in? Or maybe you are interested in arranging a technical competition between universities together with us at FOI? If you have ideas or questions, please, do not hesitate to contact us. 


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Last updated: 2021-11-19