In the early planning phase of an operation, support to the mission intelligence process includes data gathering, analysis and processing of information in order to timely deliver the right information to the decision maker. Facilitation tools include Geographical Information Systems (GIS), dispersion modelling and environmental sampling.
Liljedahl B., Waleij A., Simonsson L, Sandström B., (2012) Medical and environmental intelligence in peace operations and crises managemet. In "Assessing Environmental Impact in Post-Conflict Peacebuilding", ed. David Jensen and Steve Lonergan. London. Eeartscan. FOI-S-4174-SE
Pearson Papers, Volume 12, 2009. Environmental Considerations for Building Peace. Ann Livingstone, Ph.D., Editor. Kristine St-Pierre, M.A.