The Africa Mission in Burundi. Lessons Learned from the African Union's first Peace Operation

Authors:

  • Emma Svensson

Publish date: 2008-09-08

Report number: FOI-R--2561--SE

Pages: 24

Written in: English

Keywords:

  • African Union
  • South Africa

Abstract

The African Mission in Burundi, AMIB, was deployed in April 2003 after the signing of individual ceasefire agreements between the government and different rebel groups to, among other things, strive towards ensuring favourable conditions for the establishment of a UN peacekeeping mission. AMIB is a sign of the AU´s early ambition to actively engage in peace support operations on its own continent. The relatively small missions that AMIB was managed to stabilize Burundi to such an extent that the UN thought it possible to take over. On the other hand, when it comes to resources and general capacity to conduct operations. AMIB provides an abundance of evidence that indicate serious gaps within the AU as an organization, and amongst its member states. For AMIB, this was the main reason for not being able to perform all its tasks properly, mostly affecting the DDR process. The funding problem of AMIB was also a result of the international community´s unwillingness to support the mission. There was also an unwillingness to finance AMIB amongst the member states, leaving the mission dependent on one strong lead nation, South Africa.