Popular uprisings that never came. Algeria and Morocco in the Light of the Arab Revolts

Authors:

  • Mikael Eriksson

Publish date: 2014-03-19

Report number: FOI-R--3821--SE

Pages: 59

Written in: English

Keywords:

  • Algeria
  • Morocco
  • rivalry
  • Arab Spring
  • African security
  • Sahel
  • North Africa
  • counterterrorism
  • European Neighbourhood Policy
  • gas
  • peace
  • stability
  • transition
  • Africa
  • Europe
  • Jihadism
  • US
  • regional integration
  • ENP

Abstract

The focus of this study is the contemporary security postures of Algeria and Morocco. The analysis is conducted in the light of the recent Arab revolts in the region. The study examines key security challenges for Algeria and Morocco, as well as the regional outlooks of both states. The study consists of four main parts: the first part situates Algeria and Morocco in the context of the so-called Arab Spring; the second part presents explanations for each state's security posture and a historical analysis of their security identity formation; the third part uses a theoretical lens to examine the theory of regional rivalry. Finally, the study presents a number of recommendations on what do to about the existing security situation in the region. The main finding is that the ongoing rivalry between the two countries continues to be politically, economically and socially costly not only for both states, but also for the integration of North Africa, the African Peace and Security Architecture and the stability of the EU's southern neighbourhood as a whole.

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