Den dubbla karriären. Att kombinera tjänstgöring som tidvis tjänstgörande soldat med ett civilt yrke

Authors:

  • Per Wikberg
  • Charlotte Stenius
  • Magdalena Granåsen

Publish date: 2019-06-27

Report number: FOI-R--4538--SE

Pages: 88

Written in: Swedish

Keywords:

  • Career
  • Retention
  • Recruitment
  • Social Contract
  • Part-time Soldier
  • GSS/T

Abstract

Due to the high proportion of turnover among part time soldiers the project "Longitudinal Study of part time soldier" was executed between 2015 and 2017. The project has been about understanding how the personnel category part time soldiers evolves over time with regard to underlying influence factors and personal conditions related to their career. The project has worked in two parallel tracks; a literary study and the iterative work to develop and test an explanatory model with an associated data collection tool. The literature study gave some important insights. Career is a successive process of exploration and individual development. The relationship between the Armed Forces and its soldiers is to be seen as a social contract, which requires a balance in mutual exchange. The process of quitting a contract is to be seen as a decision-making process in which there are two principal chain of events. The first derives from an insight that the Armed Forces values, goals, etc. does not match the individual's. The other derives from unexpected events which makes a continued commitment hard or impossible. Finally, the review of relevant military studies shows that results from the military context generally reflect the results of civilian studies. The basic structure of the model developed by the project was tested at a final stage based on data from a relatively large and representative sample of Defense Force soldiers employed as part time soldiers. The result indicated a high degree of match between the model and the collected data. The result also showed two overall event chains that over time affect how and when a soldier terminates his contract. One event chain originates in classical HR factors. The second event chain originates from the individual's early formation of a motivation to want to become a soldier, a process in which the family and close friends are of central importance. Finally, the project's results are discussed regarding: A) The process of choosing the soldier career, which includes implications regarding the principles for the Armed Forces manning of positions, selections tests conducted by another authority than the Armed Force, and marketing and recruitment. B) The process of ending the soldier career which includes implications regarding the characteristics of the decision process, gender equality, cooperation between the Armed Forces and civilian employers and the importance of classical HR factors. C) The need for more information, which includes implications regarding the value of longitudinal studies

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