• EU flags
    What factors will influence Europe’s security cooperation beyond 2030?
    Russia’s war against Ukraine, the US's relationship with China, new member states and the rise of populism in several EU countries — these are some of the factors that will shape European cooperation on security and defence in the coming decade.In the report EU Security and Defence Policy in Transformation – An analysis of drivers and possible implications beyond 2030, FOI researchers Alina Engström and Lisa Bergsten take a closer look at both the external and internal drivers shaping the union's security and defence cooperation.
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  • Lancet-3
    The War against Ukraine – Trench Warfare with New Technology
    In a development unexpected by experts, the character of Russia’s war against Ukraine has evolved into something akin to the trench warfare of World War I, although with modern technology.
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  • Soldiers
    The West is taking defence seriously again – which brings new and lasting challenges
    FOI researchers have studied the military capabilities of Sweden and eleven other Western countries. The focus has been security and defence policy, military expenditures, armed forces, and the assessment of current operational capability and development, until 2030.
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  • Economic exposure to China requires a coordinated Western response
    Western businesses’ and by extension Western states’ growing economic dependence on China is problematic at a time of Western governments’ growing national security concerns over Chinese actions. Understanding what drives this complex economic entanglement is key for Western governments when developing strategies that balance economic interests against long-term security consequences.
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  • Two people with FOI's and the Swedish Police Authority's jackets.
    A Network against serious crime
    FOI has been coordinating the five-year EU project EXERTER, which has now concluded. The objective of the project was to form a European network to connect practitioners with explosives specialists within the area of Security of Explosives. The project enhanced the possibilities for the actors involved to discuss capability requirements and emerging technological solutions to address serious crime.
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  • A map over Ukraine.
    Many myths surround Russia’s cyber­warfare against Ukraine
    Prior to the full-scale invasion, there were fears that Russia’s cyberwarfare capabilities alone would be enough to defeat Ukraine. That’s not what happened. A new report by an FOI researcher presents five hypotheses to explore this.
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  • A male soldier lighting a cigarette in front of a battle tank.
    Russian view of soldier morale may misrepresent reality
    Russian military analysts’ concept of soldier morale revolves heavily around religious spirituality, which is used to legitimise the armed forces and Putin’s power. But this Russian self-image risks leading to miscalculation, according to a recent FOI report commissioned by the Swedish Ministry of Defence.
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  • Did the weather help sink Russia's warship Moskva?
    Did an atmospheric phenomenon known as anomalous propagation play a key role when Ukrainian missiles hit and sank the Russian warship Moskva in April 2022? Using publicly available weather data researchers from FOI can now prove that it was possible for a ground-based Ukrainian radar to detect Moskva, despite the ship being located far beyond the normal radar horizon.
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  • A Patriot system.
    FOI scientists advise NATO
    NATO’s own research body is called the Science and Technology Organization (STO). The STO recently released a report on the capability to deal with adversaries who can prevent someone from acting in a geographical area at a distance. Two FOI researchers are among the report’s authors.
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  • A lot of people in a dusty camp.
    The security situation in the Horn of Africa requires a regional perspective
    The countries in the Horn of Africa have long been plagued by protracted conflicts, wars and terrorism. To better understand the instability, a regional and cross-border perspective is needed, according to a memo by two FOI researchers.
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