• Better methods of comparing military spending are needed
    An FOI study investigates how the method for comparing international military spending can be further developed. Previous studies show that the choice of method for converting different currencies has substantial impact on the final result. The report was produced on behalf of the Ministry of Defence.
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  • Russian naval task force in the Mediterranean
    Immediately before its 24 February invasion of Ukraine, the Russian government assembled an unusually large naval force in the Mediterranean, using the cover of an exercise to match a precautionary buildup by the United States and allied nations. Over the past six months, Russian forces have shadowed NATO warships across the Mediterranean, gathering intelligence and shielding the war effort in the Black Sea from unwanted external interference.
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  • Kyiv, Ukraine
    Making Sense of Russia’s War Against Ukraine
    Russia’s expanded war against Ukraine is still unfolding and has implications for us all. It surprised many – partly that it broke out at all, partly because of its extent and how it has developed. FOI’s researchers have now summarised some initial assessments of the war. This anthology is their contribution to start making sense of the war.
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  • How China is trying to isolate Taiwan
    China is trying to isolate Taiwan on the international stage. An analyst at FOI has investigated and compared how the Chinese regime is pressuring four democracies.
    “In Sweden, there are several examples,” says Johan Englund, an analyst at FOI and author of the report, Isolating Taiwan Beyond the Strait: Chinese Pressure Tactics in Four Democracies .

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  • Threat of spies is increasing in Europe
    A series of high-profile cases that have recently led to arrests and convictions shows that the threat posed by spies seems to have increased in Europe over the past decade.
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  • Exploring planning tools to address inconsistencies
    On behalf of the Swedish Defence Materiel Administration (FMV), FOI has developed a preliminary planning tool to manage inherent inconsistencies among different actors in international operations.
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  • New study investigates how international missions affect national defence
    By taking part in international military operations, Sweden contributes to dealing with pressing security crises. But it also gives the Swedish Armed Forces valuable experience and leads to increased interoperability – the ability to collaborate with others in operations and missions. This is shown by a new study from FOI. Such international efforts are thus important, even when Sweden’s focus is once again on its national defence capability. However, it is important to carefully consider why, with what, and with whom the Armed Forces should contribute to international missions, the authors say.
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  • Difficult to reach new disarmament agreements
    For several decades, nuclear weapons have been controlled by agreements between the nuclear-weapons states, mainly the United States and the Soviet Union/Russia. FOI has studied the conditions that would be required to achieve such agreements and whether this would be possible today. The conclusion is that it is doubtful that any further agreements than those already in force will be reached.
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  • Technology from FOI to go to Chernobyl
    FOI’s unique expertise in measuring airborne radioactivity may soon benefit Chernobyl. Using measurements of the noble gas, xenon, a technology originally developed to detect nuclear weapons tests, the fuel in the wrecked reactor will be monitored to further increase the safety at the plant.
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  • Russia and Belarus closer to a union
    Russia and Belarus’s presidents are expected to sign a package of so-called union state programmes. These aim to deepen cooperation between the two countries within the frame of a common union state. The FOI report, Endgame Belarus? Union State Integration Under Pressure , explains what that would mean.
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