Civil defence command and control from a historical point of view - principles of organization


  • Kaiser Magnus

Publish date: 2001-01-01

Report number: FOI-R--0175--SE

Pages: 117

Written in: Swedish


The report is firstly based on an instituional design approach, emphasizing the internal development of steering principles of organization. Secondly the report is based on the concephon that the historical foundation of the civilian defence of today was created within the process of development of the civildefence. Betymen the 1 930s and 1 950s the basic organizational structure of the civilian airdefence and civildefence was founded. Steering pdridpies were formed that came to determine the structure of drvildefence and later on civilan defence. During the 1950s the structure of civildefence was crtidzed. A differendadon was made between rescue services and preventive measures. The way of thinking was dominated by a formal view on organization. During thel 960s the steering principles were developed further, and a conflict between these principles could be identified. The need for restructuring became obvious during the 1970s. The result was a new organizational structure in 1986. A ckffereritiation was made between civildefence and civilian defence already in the 1980s, but it was not urffill 1994 that civilian defence was formally accepted as a concept. Civilian defence became a loose organizational structue managed by law and formal instruction and less by organizational solution. An organizational unbalance between two different activities within the civilian defence was identified in the 1990s. These two activities were "population protection and rescue services" and "protection of important civil activities.