Jugoslavienkriget 1999. Erfarenheter från olika delar av det civila försvaret
Publish date: 2002-01-01
Report number: FOI-R--0545--SE
Written in: Swedish
NATO.s air campaign Operation Allied Force 1999 against Yugoslavia was the first extensive air campaign in Europe after the Second World War. It included strategic bombing of targets in Yugoslavia as well as military targets in the province of Kosovo and Metohija. It is of interest to collect empirical knowledge and experiences from countries that have been in war, to study if that knowledge could be implemented in Sweden. As part of this the project The Yugoslav War 1999 has interviewed a large number of representatives from Yugoslavian civil defence regarding their experiences from the strategic bombing. This report contains the results from the interviews on the local community level. The areas covered are among others air raid alarm, air raid shelters, evacuation, removement of hazardes material, and information. Areas, which are not handled by the local community but affects that level are also described, such as the hoarding of provisions, the black market and the inclination to work. In this study also includes a description of the psychological effects of the air attacks based on a literature study.