Non-acute effects - report from a prestudy

Authors:

  • Leffler Per

Publish date: 2005-01-01

Report number: FOI-R--1014--SE

Pages: 40

Written in: Swedish

Abstract

Swedish military personnel are today mainly involved in situations corresponding to the aftermath of battles. This means an extended threat concerning possible exposures to all NBC agents, not only warfare agents. Hence, the focus will shift from classical acute effects (e.g. trauma and death) towards non-acute effects. These comprise mutation, tumour, disturbances in reproductive, immune defence, hormonal, nerve, and excretory functions. A line of questions arises that can be answered by directed and focussed research: - Which non-acute effects are relevant for the Swedish defence? - Which combined exposures to agents are significant for non-acute effects? - Which mechanisms are involved in the generation of non-acute effects? - Which measurements are applicable for non-acute effects? - Which methods for interpretation are suitable for non-acute effects? Preferably, these questions can be answered by FOI directed research in cooperation with civilian institutions. In the short term, the project can partly increase the understanding of which NBC agents that are possible causes to non-acute effects and partly give clues to what zones of war or catastrophe that are particularly hazardous. In the long term, new contributions to technical and medical protection can be generated.