Tackling Dependency: The EU and its Energy Security Challenges


  • Robert Larsson

Publish date: 2007-10-24

Report number: FOI-R--2311--SE

Pages: 80

Written in: English


  • EU
  • energy
  • energy security
  • oil
  • gas
  • electricity
  • OPEC
  • pipelines
  • Russia
  • security policy
  • foreign policy
  • lever
  • trade
  • dependency
  • vulnerability


Europe is facing a future of augmenting energy demands, domestic depletion, high prices and other energy-political challenges. Climate change, infrastructure resilience, producers´coercive energy policy and the EU:sinternal market failures have put stress on the EU´s emerging energy policy and inspired the union to address its challenges with greater enthusiasm than before. Some of the EU´s challenges call for strategic choices of a magnitude that EU is not used to handle. The aim of this report is therefore to identify, analyse and assess the political side of Europe´s energy predicament and import dependency. Against the background of increasing dependence on energy imports, the report tries to answer questions: what are the key dimensions of Europe´s energy security and what are their consequences?