The African Union Mission in Sudan (AMIS)


  • Arvid Ekengard

Publish date: 2008-08-26

Report number: FOI-R--2559--SE

Pages: 59

Written in: Swedish


  • African Union
  • AMIS
  • peace operations


The African Mission Union in Sudan (AMIS) was active in Darfur from 2004 to late 2007. This report provides an evaluation of AMIS, looking at its contribution to the peace process in Darfur, its efforts to protecting civilians and protection of humanitarian agencies. The report also covers the impact of the AMIS experience of the American Standby Force and the subsequent AU operations in Somalia and the Comoros. The report concludes that AMIS was too small to reach its objectives.The mandate included protecting civilians, but this task was formulated ambiguously. Thus, AMIS commanders was forced to decide on interpretations of the mandate through the Rules of Engagements, and actted more passively than allowed by the mandate. Where deployed, AMIS prevented murder and displacement. However, because of its limited resources, large-scale violence and displacement continued, and the mission could do little to support the Darfur peace process, AMIS was dependent on donors, especially the EU, However, the design of the support made long-term planning difficult for AMIS. For future international support to African peace operations, donors should both increase strategic command capabilities of the AU level and support individual African militaries. Several of the wakenesses af AMIS are seen in recent AU operations. In Somalia, an undersized misson was authorized based on the faulty assumption that the EU would take over. In the Comoros, the AU appears to have carried out of successful peace operation, but as with AMIS, the prelude diisplayed division between the AU member states.

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