EU:s insatsförmåga – förutsättningar för en samlad ansats post Lissabon

Authors:

  • Anna Forsström
  • Teresa Åhman

Publish date: 2012-03-16

Report number: FOI-R--3403--SE

Pages: 47

Written in: Swedish

Keywords:

  • EU
  • civil protection
  • humanitarian aid
  • CSDP
  • European External
  • Action Service
  • EEAS
  • DG ECHO
  • the Treaty of Lisbon
  • crisis response
  • disaster
  • response
  • Crisis Platform
  • Situation Room
  • capability development

Abstract

EU crisis response consists of several different instruments and structures, to a large extent covered by separate mandates and conditions. In situations requiring the use of several of these instruments and structures, for example those within Civil Protection, Humanitarian Aid and the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP), the Treaty of Lisbon and the re-organization within the European Commission, offer new conditions for a more coordinated EU crisis response. The establishment of the European External Action Service (EEAS) and the merge of Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid within DG ECHO can in this respect be highlighted. The overall aim of this study has been to identify possible interfaces and areas of cooperation and highlight challenges and opportunities for the EU to obtain a coordinated crisis response. The authors conclude that the changes brought about by the Treaty of Lisbon need more time in order to have effect in the EU system as a whole. Moreover, the different mandates and conditions for each policy area need to be taken into consideration in order to be able to identify interfaces and cooperation opportunities. In the preparatory work it's possible to find specific areas where coordination is possible, for example regarding the work on promoting synergies between civil and military capability development within CSDP and the work within Civil Protection. In the response phase there are also several opportunities for coordination between the new functions within EEAS and the instruments and structures within the Commission.

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