To analyze and understand the need of situation-adapted command and control


  • Björn J E Johansson
  • Johan Nordström
  • Jiri Trnka
  • Per-Anders Oskarsson

Publish date: 2018-04-11

Report number: FOI-R--4579--SE

Pages: 63

Written in: Swedish


  • Command and control
  • Command and control agility
  • Crisis management
  • Crisis response
  • Situation-adapted


This report highlights the issue of, and provides knowledge on, situation- adapted command and control during complex emergencies and crises where coordination among many different responding actors is required. Based on the experience from previous significant emergencies and crises documented in research, investigations and studies the need to develop knowledge of situationbased command and control is identified. The concept command and control agility and related theories is discussed as a possible approach to address this issue. The concept aims to describe the actors' capability to adapt to the prevailing situation and circumstances. The applicability of the concept in a Swedish context is discussed from four different perspectives: (a) the so called holistic methodology and its five levels, (b) the national command and control system, (c) limitations in the possibilities to distribute or reallocate decision rights, and (d) measurable indicators of command and control. Finally, it is discussed how the concept can be applied by means of a methodology for assessment of situation-adapted command and control capability. This methodology aims to be applicable both before, during, and after an emergency, a crisis or an exercise. The methodology is based on a man-technologyorganization approach and it embraces three different perspectives: process oriented perspective, capability-based perspective, and staffing perspective.