Foreign military bases and installations in Africa


  • Karolina Gasinska Singh
  • Eva Hagström Frisell
  • Jakob Hedenskog
  • Jerker Hellström
  • Emma Sjökvist
  • Madelene Lindström
  • Anna Sundberg
  • Samuel Neuman Bergenwall
  • Carina Gunnarson

Publish date: 2019-08-16

Report number: FOI-R--4658--SE

Pages: 94

Written in: English


  • Africa
  • military bases
  • military installations
  • United States
  • United Kingdom
  • Spain
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Russia
  • Turkey
  • United Arab Emirates
  • India
  • China
  • Japan


The main purpose of this report is to increase the understanding of the renewed military interest by foreign state actors in Africa. To achieve this, a systematic analysis was conducted, based on case studies that mapped the military bases and installations of 12 foreign state actors and the strategic interests behind their presence. The mapping showed a higher accumulation of foreign military facilities in the Horn of Africa and West Africa, and the strategic interests varied depending on the region. Broader strategic interests were also identified, namely to protect economic interests, power competition, projecting power, and maintaining historical ties.