Advising in a deteriorating security situation


  • Helene Lackenbauer
  • Isabel Green Jonegård
  • Emma Sjökvist

Publish date: 2019-06-12

Report number: FOI-R--4662--SE

Pages: 45

Written in: Swedish


  • Afghanistan
  • Resolute Support Mission
  • RSM
  • NATO
  • 1325


This study examines Sweden's contribution to Resolute Support Mission (RSM), NATO's training and advisory mission in Afghanistan, between 2017-2018. It analyses the extent to which the political aims decided by the Swedish Parliament have been met. These concern the capabilities of the Afghan security forces, UNSCR 1325 and Swedish national defence capabilities. Furthermore, the report offers recommendations for future contributions. The study finds that the path towards the Afghan security forces being able to operate independently, effectively, and sustainably is long yet. Several structural challenges remain that the advisors have few possibilities to affect, such as corruption, leadership and recruitment. UNSCR 1325 on Women, Peace, and Security is well integrated at the strategic level in RSM. However, a gender perspective is missing in operations. While the Swedish staff have received training in UNSCR 1325, they lack practical tools to apply a gender perspective in their rolls in the mission. Participation in RSM plays an important role in retaining and deepening Sweden's bi- and multilateral military collaborations and relationships. Ensuring that individuals' experiences benefit the Swedish Armed Forces, however, places high demands on the organisation and requires a comprehensive view of staffing and the use of positions within the mission.