Stakeholders and Interdependencies in Multifunctional Environments.: A Case Study of Afghanistan


  • Jenny Lindoff
  • Hull Cecilia
  • Helene Lackenbauer

Publish date: 2009-10-01

Report number: FOI-R--2818--SE

Pages: 69

Written in: English


  • Actors and stakeholders in peace support operations
  • multifunctional environments
  • multidimensional missions
  • dependencies
  • interdependencies
  • dependency types


This report is part of a series of studies aiming to explore how command and control should be executed in multifunctional environments. This particular study focuses on the preconditions for coordination amongst staikeholders in these environments and explores interdependencies between the stakeholders, affecting their ability/willingness to coordinate. The report presents a theoretical approach on possible ways of using stakeholder analysis to determine the level of dependency between stakeholder activities and thus assess the need to coordinate these. It also introduces and explores potential strategies for managing dependencies. UIsing Afghanistan and specifically the Swedish contribution to the ISAF operation, as a case study, the report explores and identifies important stakeholders in the operational environment and the spectrum of interdependencies amongst these stakeholders. During interviews conducted as part of the case study, a broad range of dependencies were identified, but few strategies for seeking to manage these were articulated. The report argues that stakeholder analysis can be used to determine whether coordination is in fact cost-effective but does not hold that all coordination is worthwhile. In addition, the report suggests that to facilitate the harmonisation of efforts in stabilisation operations, coordination should be seen not as managing relations between actors, but as managing interdependencies between activities.