The EU and Crisis Management – Strategic Issues for the Swedish Civil Contingencies. Agency (MSB)

Authors:

  • Eva Hagström Frisell
  • Teresa Åhman

Publish date: 2012-12-13

Report number: FOI-R--3551--SE

Pages: 62

Written in: Swedish

Keywords:

  • EU
  • MSB
  • crisis management
  • disaster response
  • European
  • Commission
  • European External Action Service
  • internal security
  • CCA
  • solidarity clause
  • civil protection
  • consular cooperation
  • disaster risk reduction
  • resilience
  • civilian crisis management
  • CSDP

Abstract

In the end of 2012 there are several ongoing processes aiming at strengthening the EU's capacity to manage large-scale crises and disasters. This study sets out to analyse the development of crisis management and disaster response in the EU in order to identify issues of strategic importance for the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB). First, the study describes the development of different structures for crisis management in the EU, for example within the European Commission and the European External Action Service. Secondly, it analyses a number of cross-cutting processes with relevance for crisis management, for example the EU internal security strategy. Thirdly, the study traces the development within specific policy areas, including civil protection, consular cooperation, disaster risk reduction and civilian crisis management within the Common Security and Defence Policy (CSDP). The authors conclude that the development of crisis management in the EU has intensified during the last years and that MSB is affected by this development in many ways and at different levels. New structures for crisis management are in the making and several cross-cutting processes have been launched, for example regarding threat- and risk-assessment, common situational awareness and the exchange of information in a crisis situation. The most important issue for MSB to follow is the on-going development within civil protection. The new EU legislation for civil protection currently under discussion will have important consequences for the preventive and preparatory work of MSB. Many of the policy areas covered by this study are based on different, and sometimes opposing, principles, which is why it may be difficult for MSB to strengthen its role in all areas at the same time. MSB therefore needs to strike a balance between the different opportunities at hand and relate them to its prioritized activities.