Study on experiences in the use of solar cells in the field


  • Annica Waleij
  • Daniel Westerlund
  • Birgitta Liljedahl

Publish date: 2015-12-31

Report number: FOI-R--4204--SE

Pages: 67

Written in: Swedish


  • Photovoltaic
  • PV
  • solar panels
  • energy efficiency
  • alternative energy sources
  • operations
  • environment
  • climate


On behalf of the Swedish Civil Contingencies Agency (MSB), a study on experiences of solar energy technologies during field conditions has been performed by FOI. The study included MSB's own experiences as well as experiences of other civil and military organizations operating in similar environments. The aim of the study was to provide MSB with information in order to decide which aspects that need to be taken into account by MSB to be able to develop a solar cell concept to meet different needs. Experiences from the use of different types of solar cell solutions at six different operations/climates was studied. Falling prices for solar panels, LED lights etc. makes alternative energy sources an increasingly attractive investment. A transition to more energy efficient operations and alternative energy chains are supported by both the outcome of the Climate Conference in Paris (COP-21) as well as the new Sustainable Development Goals. Furthermore, increased self-sufficiency including reduced energy consumption, decreases certain types of security risks as well as to increases the efficiency in core operative service deliveries. However, there is not one solution that fits all situations and geographic locations/climates. MSB should therefore focus on developing a portfolio of solutions, including a checklist where it can be quickly identified which solution is most likely to work optimally, given the current conditions. The solutions should also include lifecycle analysis, which takes into account opportunities for recycling of the components of the system. A continuous monitoring of the developments relating to solar energy should be performed since the development in this field is very rapid. The monitoring should also include other alternative energy solutions (e.g. biogas etc.) as well as micro-grids that may be part of hybrid solutions. As a complement to new technologies, an energy saving program should also be developed and awareness training performed, to promote behavioural changes implemented.